Do you know how many video formats are out there nowadays? Quite frankly there are too many for you to want to really know them all – but fortunately, all that you really need to know are the more common video formats that are being used this year.
Out of the many video formats that exist, the most common and popular formats as things stand are:
No other format is as popular as MP4 with H.264. It is the format that is primarily used for online videos and to distribute video files in general.
It has also become the most widely supported video format and is practically guaranteed to be able to play on any device or platform. It is supported by all browsers, and generally has hardware support on most mobile devices.
In short MP4 with H.264 is the format you should use if you have any doubts, and is a ‘safe’ option on all fronts.
In recent years MP4 with HEVC has started to slowly but surely gain popularity. The HEVC codec is actually H.265 and is the successor to H.264.
Compared to its predecessor, HEVC provides much more impressive compression rates and can reduce the file size of H.264 videos by up to 50%. Unfortunately, it is still not as widely-supported as its predecessor is on browsers, devices, and platforms.
The VOB with MPEG-2 format is old but is still used in numerous cases because it is the format that is required to meet the video DVD specifications. For that reason, it is still relevant, although as the popularity of DVDs decline its usage is definitely starting to shrink.
In the future, you may need a VOB file converter to switch it to a more widely-used format.
From the start, WebM was a format developed to cater to online video streaming. It is used with the VP8 or VP9 format and is currently popular largely due to the fact that YouTube uses it.
The use of WebM is mostly behind-the-scenes for average users, however. That is why you may not see WebM video files on a regular basis unless you handle HTML5 video.
The AV1 format was only recently released, but it has rapidly started to be adopted. It was developed by the Alliance for Open Media (AOMedia) whose members include Google (YouTube), Netflix, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, Facebook, and many other big tech companies – who are expected to adopt it.
As things stand AV1 may not be one of the most commonly-used formats just yet, but it is worth mentioning because it looks set to be one in the not-too-distant future.
As long as you’re aware of the five formats listed above, you should be all set to tackle 2019. It is safe to say that by the time the year is done there will be other formats thrown into the mix, however, so be sure to keep yourself up to date.